Here is a photo of the first arbitration proceeding handled by the New York Chamber of Commerce in February 1912:

arbitration photo 2

Julius H. Cohen is the second person standing from the left, and Charles L. Bernheimer is the fourth person standing from the left.  Cohen and Bernheimer played central roles in the enactment of America’s modern arbitration laws.  Here is a record of the award from this first arbitration proceeding, found in the minutes of the Chamber’s Committee on Arbitration:

record of first arb proceeding



Julius Henry Cohen, one of the principal drafters of the New York arbitration statute of 1920 and of the Federal Arbitration Act:




sticker, circa 1920s, used by the reformers to promote arbitration:



In trying to sway a U.S. Senator to support the enactment of the Federal Arbitration Act, Charles L. Bernheimer invited the Senator to a Japanese estate in Los Angeles owned by Bernheimer’s brothers.  The estate, known as Yamashiro, was one of Hollywood’s first celebrity hangouts, and the estate reportedly became a brothel during the Great Depression, with actresses available for hire.  Today, the building houses an Asian restaurant.  Here is a picture of Yamashiro, then and now:



A telegram from Senator Thomas Sterling to Charles L. Bernheimer, dated December 21, 1922, informing Bernheimer that the bill for the Federal Arbitration Act had just been introduced in Congress and referred to the Judiciary Committee:


 An August 1922 telegram from Julius H. Cohen to Charles L. Bernheimer, informing Bernheimer of the good news that the American Bar Association, at its annual meeting, had just approved of the draft arbitration bill.  It was important for the reformers to obtain the support of the bar for their lobbying efforts.